Health Care System Complementarity

La Globalización y la Nueva Salud Pública

by Editors

Mexico’s former minister of health, Julio Frenk, discusses global public health within the context of increased global integration. He argues that growing trends in globalization have led to a host of new actors which collaborate with governments to resolve health issues. This includes entities like UNESCO, UNICEF, multilateral development banks, philanthropic organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, and multinational companies engaged in the production and distribution of health-related goods. Frenk believes the creation of these organizations reflect increased health challenges for states posed by globalization, such as outbreaks of HIV, SARS, influenza, and tuberculosis. Since most countries now view infectious diseases as being detrimental to their security, he also points out that health is quickly becoming a top priority for governments. Furthermore, health promotion is increasingly valued as an important factor for economic growth. Though governments now face more challenges than ever because of globalization, Frenk maintains that this phenomenon also provides states with tools to address these issues in the form of financial resources, technology, and global forums.  In essence, health challenges and threats are no longer adequately addressed through unilateral actions.

El previo ministro de salud de México discute el impacto de la creciente integración mundial en la salud pública global. Esta integración ha conducido a la proliferación de nuevos actores en el tema de salud, como son la UNESCO, UNICEF, bancos multilaterales de desarrollo, organizaciones filantrópicas, ONGs, instituciones académicas y compañías multinacionales dedicadas a la producción y distribución de bienes relacionados con la salud. Se están viendo brotes de enfermedades como el VIH, SARS, influenza, y tuberculosis debido a los miles de contactos potencialmente infecciosos entre gente de cada rincón del planeta. Frenk menciona que este tema está tomando importancia en la agenda de los gobiernos alrededor del mundo dado que ciertas enfermedades infecciosas están siendo vistas como una amenaza a la seguridad. Además, recientemente, la salud empieza a considerarse un importante factor contribuyente del crecimiento económico. Concluye diciendo que, hoy por hoy, hay más retos que nunca dada la globalización, pero que las oportunidades han crecido debido a recursos financieros, tecnología y foros mundiales. Para poder enfrentar esos retos, se necesita un esfuerzo conjunto de los diferentes actores mundiales.

Read Frenk and Gómez-Dantés’ proposal in its entirety: La Globalización y la Nueva Salud Pública

ABOUT THIS PROJECT

The U.S.-Mexico Network’s Imagining 2024 project is designed to provide readers a quick overview of key issues in US-Mexico relations – the background of the issue, its current state, where we ought to be by 2024, and how to get there.

 

Each short essay is coupled with suggested background readings for those interested in a more detailed understanding of the issue at hand.  And as an electronic publication, both the essays and their associated resource pages are updated as needed to keep the information and analysis fresh.
 

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