Mexico and the Mexican Community in the United States

Hometown Associations

by Editors

Hometown Associations enable Mexican migrants in the United States interact with their hometowns in Mexico economically, socially and politically, and have become important tools for their social integration and growth in the United States. These articles explore recent developments in Hometown Associations and offer suggestions for their future success.

Hometown Associations: Transnationalism, Philanthropy, and Development 

This essay examines the origin and nature hometown associations, organizations formed by a group of migrants to maintain ties with their home towns/home countries. It provides an overview of Hometown Associations globally before turning to specific case examples of HTAs as “Development Players”, including several Mexican cases illuminating their increasing relevance in the United States and how they interact with both the Mexican and American federal, state, and municipal governments.

Este ensayo analiza el origen y la naturaleza de los clubes de oriundos o “hometown associations”, como organizaciones formadas por un grupo de inmigrantes que buscan mantener vínculos con sus lugares de origen/ país de origen. Proporciona una revisión general de estas asociaciones de paisanos o clubes de oriundos a nivel mundial, antes de analizar ejemplos de casos concretos de HTAs como “jugadores de desarrollo”, incluyendo varios casos mexicanos que ejemplifican su creciente relevancia en Estados Unidos y su interacción con los gobiernos mexicano y estadounidense, a nivel federal, estatal y municipal.

To read the rest of the essay by Manuel Orozco and Eugenia Garcia-Zanello for the Brown Journal of International Affairs, please click the following link: Hometown Associations: Transnationalism, Philanthropy, and Development 

 

Hometown Associations: An Untapped Resource for Immigrant Integration?

This article looks at hometown associations in a new light, as a potential tool in immigrant integration. Most studies of HTAs focus on their role in international development and on how government policies might make these organizations more effective in promoting development through funding and managing development projects and reducing the transaction costs of remittances. This report instead addresses the social importance of hometown associations and their critical importance to the integration of immigrants. It suggests that future government policies toward hometown associations should instead focus on maximizing capacity not only for development, but for social growth as well.

Este artículo analiza los clubes de oriundos desde una nueva perspectiva, como una herramienta potencial para la integración de los migrantes. La mayoría de los estudios sobre HTAs se enfocan en su papel en el desarrollo internacional y en cómo las políticas gubernamentales pueden hacer que estas organizaciones sean más eficaces para promover el desarrollo a través del financiamiento y la gestión de proyectos de desarrollo y la reducción de los costos de transacción de las remesas. Este reporte aborda la importancia social de los clubes de oriundos y su influencia fundamental para la integración de los inmigrantes. Sugiere que las políticas gubernamentales hacia los clubes de oriundos en el futuro deberían de centrarse en maximizar la capacidad no sólo para el desarrollo, sino también para el crecimiento social.

To read the article by Will Somerville, Jamie Durana, and Aaron Matteo Terrazas for the Migration Policy Institute in its entirety, please click the following link: Hometown Associations: An Untapped Resource for Immigrant Integration?

ABOUT THIS PROJECT

The U.S.-Mexico Network’s Imagining 2024 project is designed to provide readers a quick overview of key issues in US-Mexico relations – the background of the issue, its current state, where we ought to be by 2024, and how to get there.

 

Each short essay is coupled with suggested background readings for those interested in a more detailed understanding of the issue at hand.  And as an electronic publication, both the essays and their associated resource pages are updated as needed to keep the information and analysis fresh.
 

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by Editors
Domestic developments in both Mexico and the United States are spurring changes in Mexican communities, particularly in regards to remittances and Hometown Associations. Find here the latest publ...more.