Mexico and the Mexican Community in the United States

De la “no intervención” a la institucionalización: la evolución de las relaciones Estado-diáspora en el caso mexicano

by Alejandra Délano

A comprehensive overview of Mexico’s historic relationship with it’s diaspora in the United States. This article begins with a summary of the history of Mexico’s policies with respect to Mexican migration to the United States. Up until 1982 this policy was shaped by the broader principle of non-intervention in US domestic political processes, and thus limited Mexican government actions to supporting Mexican communities in the United States through standard consular services. As Mexico opened to the global economy and forged a closer partnership with the United States beginning in the mid-1980s, the government decided it could play a more active role in influencing US immigration policy. At the same time, it created the Institute for Mexicans Abroad (IME) to strengthen its links with its Diaspora.

To read this article, by Alejandra Délano, please click on the following link: De la “no intervención” a la institucionalización: la evolución de las relaciones Estado-diáspora en el caso mexicano.

A complimentary analysis of Mexico’s historic relationship with it’s diaspora is found in an English language report prepared for the 2005 “Mexican Migrant Social and Civic Participation in the United States” seminar at the Woodrow Wilson Center. Starting with Mexican governmental attempts to block emigration in the late 1800s, Ayon addresses a wide range of policies and developments from repatriation during the Mexican Revolution to collaboration with consulates in the U.S., and the creation of hometown associations in the late 1990s.  The main focus of the essay is on the current period including guest worker agreements and the Mexican government’s initiatives to help organize its US-based diaspora including programs like the Program for Mexican Communities Abroad (PCME) and the Institute of Mexican Abroad (IME).

To read David Ayon’s full report, please click on the following link: Mexican Policy & Émigré Communities in the U.S. 


The U.S.-Mexico Network’s Imagining 2024 project is designed to provide readers a quick overview of key issues in US-Mexico relations – the background of the issue, its current state, where we ought to be by 2024, and how to get there.


Each short essay is coupled with suggested background readings for those interested in a more detailed understanding of the issue at hand.  And as an electronic publication, both the essays and their associated resource pages are updated as needed to keep the information and analysis fresh.

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