Health Care System Complementarity

The Future of Mexico-U.S. Health Policy Integration

by Julio Frenk & Octavio Gómez-Dantés
A Mexican Doctor Treating an Older Woman


In the early 1990s, as part of the negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Mexico’s National Academy of Medicine analyzed the potential impact this agreement could have on the healthcare systems of each of the three countries involved.

Two events – the collapse of the Twin Towers in 2001 and the influenza A H1N1 pandemic in 2009 – have further highlighted the need to strengthen cooperation between Mexico and the United States on public health matters that could potentially affect both countries, such as natural disasters, epidemics, and bio-terrorist attacks.

The purpose of this essay is to examine the cooperation in public health and the exchange of health services that has occurred between the United States and Mexico in recent years, and to explore whether or not both countries will eventually achieve expected levels of integration in terms of ...more.


The U.S.-Mexico Network’s Imagining 2024 project is designed to provide readers a quick overview of key issues in US-Mexico relations – the background of the issue, its current state, where we ought to be by 2024, and how to get there.


Each short essay is coupled with suggested background readings for those interested in a more detailed understanding of the issue at hand.  And as an electronic publication, both the essays and their associated resource pages are updated as needed to keep the information and analysis fresh.

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An American Fast Food Restaurant Looms Over a Street Vendor in Mexico

Latest News: U.S.-Mexican Health Challenges and Interactions

by Editors
Mexico and the U.S. face similar public health issues including rising obesity rates, diabetes, disease outbreaks, food contamination, and HIV/AIDS, which all require some bilateral cooperation.   ...more.